Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Guide to the Research Process: Home

This guide provides an introduction to the skills needed to conduct research.


The format of this guide and some of the content was used with permission from Lynda Quamina-Aiyejina. Many thanks for her willingness to share her excellent work with others.

Research Skills

Everybody does research.  Some just do it better than others--(William Badke)

Use this guide to sharpen your research skills and it will serve you well for the rest of your life.


One of the best books on the research process and using library resources is in the library and also available at Amazon.  The Kindle Version on Amazon is very cheap.  Of course, the library edition is even cheaper!

Click book title for Preview

"Research Strategies: Finding Your Way Through the Infomation Fog" by WIlliam Badke (5th edition)

Research Process Overview

The research process typically includes five broad steps. Normally, you would complete one step before moving onto the next. However, there may be times when you will need to return to a previous step or complete multiple steps simultaneously.

Step 1. Develop a topic
Select a Topic Formulate Research Questions | Identify Keywords | Find Background Information | Refine a Topic

Step 2. Locate information
Find Books | Find Articles | Find Websites | Find Videos | Search Strategies

Step 3. Evaluate and analyse information and sources
Evaluate Sources | Primary v Secondary Sources | Popular vs Scholarly Periodicals

Step 4. Use, organize, and communicate information
Paraphrasing | Notetaking

Step 5. Comply with legal, ethical, and moral standards
Plagiarism | Copyright | Alternatives to Copyright

Research Process Overview

Video has been posted with permission from Bob Baker, Library Director, Pima Community College. 

Subject Guide

Profile Photo
David Mayo
5141 Sharon Rd.
Charlotte, NC 28210